A10(b) - Gender and Dominant Ideologies in Canadian Democracy
Date: Jun 5 | Time: 10:30am to 12:00pm | Location: SWING 406
Chair/Président/Présidente : Joanna Everitt (University of New Brunswick Saint John)
Discussant/Commentateur/Commentatrice : Alexa DeGagne (Athabasca University)
Session Abstract: Palgrave-McMillian has contracted with Manon Tremblay and Joanna Everitt to produce an edited Palgrave Handbook of Gender and Canadian Politics. This new collection of articles by leading scholars in the field of gender and politics crosses all of the fields of Canadian politics and has as its primary objective the revisiting of the field of Canadian politics in light of gender (interpreted broadly, as inclusive of gender identities and performances (women’s femininities and men’s masculinities) and sexualities). This approach will result in an important resource for those researching and teaching in the discipline. In order to ensure that the various papers in the Handbook gets feedback from all parts of the discipline we are submitting a proposal to hold four different panels at the CPSA Annual meetings in 2019. These panels can be cross listed between the Gender and Politics and Canadian Politics sections as well as the Political Theory, the Political Behaviour and the Public Policy sections. The four panels are outlined below with the abstracts following each proposed panel. Tremblay and Everitt will assist in organizing the panels by agreeing to arrange Chairs and Discussants for each section. This panel involves just those papers which are appropriate to the Political Theory Section.
Gender, Liberalism and Canadian Politics: Éléna Choquette (University of Brithsh Columbia)
Abstract: This paper examines liberalism as a political ideology in Canadian politics through the lens of gender and sexualities. Building upon Duncan Bell’s definition, this paper defines liberalism as the sum of arguments that have been classified as liberal and recognised as such by other liberals. To situate liberalism within the Canadian context, I use Ian McKay’s Liberal Order Framework (2000) and the gender approach to that framework as articulated by Adele Perry (2009). The paper also provides an overview of other useful distinctions, such as between the liberal ideology and party as well as among different kinds of liberalism (ex. social liberalism and neo-liberalism). It shows that liberalism has been and continues to be an instrument of both oppression and emancipation for women and LGBTQ communities. On the one hand, liberalism has pursued gendered and sexualised oppression by, for instance, enforcing a strict division between the private and the public. Even recent enunciations of liberalism, most importantly by Rawls, are anchored in the privatisation of women and sexual minorities. On the other hand, liberalism has promoted some forms of emancipation for gendered and sexualised communities, for example in advancing ideals like equal rights. What is more, many Canadian feminists have been liberals. In the end, it is imperative to look closely at liberalism in relation to gender and sexualities, as most struggles and claims for equality continue to take place on liberal terms.
LGBTQ+ and the Conservative Movement: an Ideological Clash: Frédéric Boily (University of Alberta, Campus Saint-Jean), Brent Epperson (University of Alberta, Campus Saint-Jean)
Abstract: In this paper, we analyze the difficult relationship between LGBTQ+ groups and conservative movement (intellectuals, think tanks, Conservative and other political parties). Our goal is to reveal to students of Canadian politics the ideological nature of the clash that exists between LGBTQ+ group demands and conservative ideological orientations. We begin by analyzing how some conservative intellectuals or think tanks collide with LGBTQ+ social demands. As we will see, conservatives have an ideological point of view about politics (one that emphasizes law and order) and religion that differs sharply with LGBTQ+ views about social inclusion and identity. We examine attempts made by some conservative political parties or groups like LGBTory to reconcile the conservative movement with members of LGBTQ+ communities. We demonstrate that these attempts are not very fruitful because the conservative political parties continue to reject what they see as some ill-advised form of identity politics.
Gender and Canadian Socialism and Social Democracy: Roberta Lexier (Mount Royal University)
Abstract: This paper will explore the concepts of socialism and social democracy. It will provide definitions and historical context for each term, including the relationship between the concepts, and examine how they have developed within the Canadian context. This will include a discussion of the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation, the New Democratic Party, and other manifestations of socialism and social democracy in Canada. The paper will emphasize issues related to gender. It will explore how these ideologies, grounded in notions of equality, came to terms, following years of significant struggle, with the marginalization of women and sexual minorities. Ultimately, it is the notion of equality at the core of these philosophies that enables a substantial recognition and integration of women and LGBTQ+ persons in their political positions.