M08(a) - Education and Politics in Momentous Times
Date: Jun 5 | Heure: 08:45am to 10:15am | Location: ESB 2012
Chair/Président/Présidente : Conrad King (University of British Columbia)
Discussant/Commentateur/Commentatrice : Sandra Schinnerl (University of British Columbia)
Academic Careers in Uncertain Times: Brexit's Impacts on Early Career Academics in the United Kingdom: Kate Mattocks (University of East Anglia), Shardia Briscoe-Palmer (University of Birmingham)
Abstract: This paper discusses the impacts of the United Kingdom's exit from the European Union on early career academics working in the discipline of political science in the UK. Previous research has shown that early career academics face particular challenges relating to precarity and insecurity, particularly given the constantly changing environment of higher education policy in the UK. Using data collected from a survey and in-depth interviews, the paper explores various dimensions of Brexit’s effects on the professional development of academics at the start of their career -- the future of the profession -- covering topics such as research activity and funding, teaching, and public engagement, as well as broader concerns relating to immigration, belonging, and identity. It adopts an intersectional approach and has a special focus on international academics living and working in the UK from both the EU and non-EU countries. The paper concludes by offering broader reflections on the implications for the profession in this era of turbulent, fractured global politics.
Erasmus Plus and the Bologna Process: Katrin Huehner (Technical University of Darmstadt)
Abstract: The Erasmus+ Program has always been an essential part of the Bologna Process. Its objective is to enable European and International students in general to spend time abroad. This works within the Bologna achievement of greater comparability in the standards and quality of higher-education qualifications. For 15 years now Erasmus has been sending thousands of students in foreign countries and their universities. Our aim is to evaluate this process regarding the tasks universities have to fulfill within the program. The research bases on student’s reports on how they experienced their Erasmus time, with a special focus on the admission by the universities. The purpose of the analysis will be to draw up a policy proposal as a manual for European universities how to best receive Erasmus students and to best satisfy their needs.
Subverting State Authority: Communication Technologies and Dissent in Africa's Newer Secessionist Movements: Ousmane Aly Diallo (Balsillie School of International Affairs), Karolina Werner (Balsillie School of International Affairs)
Abstract: Several studies have focused on the state of the post-colonial African state and the different intervention strategies that were experimented there to mitigate security threats (Abrahamsen 2005; Frowd and Sandor 2017; Craven-Matthews and Englebert 2018). In a context of ‘limited statehood’, several transborder communities remain cohesive and these borderlands constitute an avenue for political and economic opportunities for local entrepreneurs, embedded in the state yet escaping its hold (Bach 2015). While the dangers posed by state weakness to regional stability have been exposed (Rotberg 2003; Acemoglu 2013), we argue in this paper that these alternative orders of governance constitute avenues for political articulation for the populations in borderlands areas. Political ideologies and grievances are also mobilized around traditional authorities (customary or religious) who often acted as intermediates between the state and the population. While the existence of these alternative local governance orders has proven a destabilizing factor after the onset of conflict, evidence shows that the African state has coexisted and coopted these local structures. In the current hour, ICTs have played an increasing role in the articulation of grievances; in Nigeria and Mali, Facebook and WhatsApp have been used by nonstate actors to challenge or expose to a broader audience events on the ground. In this paper, we explore what the role played by ICTs in the subversion of this relation between the national and the local (i.e. secessionism) in transborder communities.